Evans said there is also a need for evaluating lettuce varieties for fall, winter and spring greenhouse production. If you love eating salads, then you need to grow different lettuce varieties. Moreover, it’s a part of an enzyme called superoxide dismutase, which helps decrease oxidative stress in your body (25, 26). Although romaine varieties are well known for the hearts at the center of the heads, the outer leaves can also be used in salads, as a … Here, we break down 13 common varieties and cultivars of lettuce and explore the best ways to use them. Both green and red types are high in folate, manganese, and vitamins A and K. Yet, red leaf lettuce is higher in antioxidants. Mesclun Lettuce. Lettuce varieties fall into two main categories, says Susannah Ball, Product Development Manager at PanAmerican Seed. Due to its sturdy texture, it can even be grilled. Romaine comes from the word Roman while Cos is derived from the Greek island of Kos. In particular, its anthocyanins and quercetin act as potent antioxidants that protect your body from free radical damage (9, 22, 23). Lettuce should be included in everyone’s list of must-grow vegetables. Their degree of crispness is midway between romaine and butterhead, their taste is mild and delicate. It bears green, crunchy leaves with large veins. Romaine lettuce is hale and hearty and is the ubiquitous lettuce in a Caesar salad. Keywords: Lactuca sativa L; Soil water moisture; Water balance. When you think of types of lettuce, you might not realize that there are dozens […] People use lettuce leaves as a replacement for flatbread and spring roll wrappers. 3. These 9 high-risk foods are the most likely to cause food poisoning. Leaf lettuce has crisp, ruffled leaves. There isn't a taste difference between the two, so choose whichever will look best on your table. "Romaines, icebergs, butterheads, and oakleafs are all the same plant—lettuce," Susannah says. The results showed that: (1)the WG 50 treatment significantly increased the chlorophyll content in lettuce shoot and also enhanced the dry weight of lettuce shoot by 3.69% compared with the control. There are literally hundreds of varieties to choose from, so you can always get the best for your garden. He said these variety evaluations need to be done in different regions of the country to see how they perform under different climates. Summary . Loose Leaf Lettuce. Lactuca, commonly known as lettuce, is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae.The genus includes at least 50 species, distributed worldwide, but mainly in temperate Eurasia.. Its best-known representative is the garden lettuce (Lactuca sativa), with its many varieties. There are four main types of lettuce: Loose-leaf lettuce; Romaine/cos lettuce Home Food and Drink Cooking Types of Lettuce – Different Varieties of Lettuce. Does Iceberg Lettuce Have Any Nutritional Benefits? UH–CTAHR Romaine ettuce arieties for Commercial Production in H 2011 – 2014 VC-3 July 2014 4 Twenty-nine varieties of Romaine lettuce were selected for field evaluation in November 2013 (Fig. All seeds featured on this site are non-GMO. There are three types of leaf lettuce: red, green, and oak. ???? These protect your eyes from macular degeneration, a condition that can result in partial vision loss (18). Instead of a generic looking and tasting salad, you can make something interesting to eat and look at. 4. As popular as lettuce is for salads and sandwiches, you may not know that there are many different varieties. Loose leaf lettuce: This type of lettuce comprises a number of varieties that don’t form heads, but consist of large, loosely packed leaves joined at a stem. Butter Lettuce. Food poisoning can cause unpleasant symptoms ranging from nausea to vomiting. The wide range of colors and textures combine to form an outstanding product for the Home, restaurant trade and specialty markets. Leaves that form a head as they grow are called heading lettuces, while those that grow freely are called looseleaf. In 2013, 24.9 million tons of lettuce were produced in the world. Moreover, romaine is a good source of phenolic compounds, particularly caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid. Boston and Bibb lettuce are both examples of butterhead lettuce. Larger leaves can be torn into bite-sized pieces when cleaning. List of Lettuce Types. Gardeners around the world love growing the almost countless varieties and types of lettuce. Little Gem lettuce is soft with just a hint of crunch. Store butterhead lettuce in a sealable bag in the fridge for 2–3 days, keeping the leaves dry to prevent wilting. It has spiky dark green leaves that have a surprisingly delicate texture and delightfully peppery, even spicy kick. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Premature leaves, which are sometimes red, are frequently added to spring mix — a combination of baby leaves from several leafy vegetables. If you’re looking to switch up your diet, try out these delicious types of lettuce. Unlike other lettuces, it doesn’t grow around a head. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is a popular leafy vegetable in the daisy family. This versatile lettuce works well with all kinds of dressings and is a must-have veggie in salads. Different types of lettuce are used most often for salads but they show up in recipes for everything from soups and sandwiches and wraps. Folate is a B vitamin that can help prevent neural tube defects, which are one of the most common birth defects. Leaves that form a head as they grow are called heading lettuces, while those that grow freely are called looseleaf. Romaine’s long, crisp leaves are popular for Caesar salads. Since only its stalk is eaten, it’s used differently than most lettuces. Some farms and markets sell special "spicy" mixtures that have more arugula, watercress, mizuna, and mustard leaves. Furthermore, it can be used in wraps and tacos. Mix leaf lettuce (Black-seed Simpson or Oak Leaf) with crisp lettuce (romaine or other crisphead) and accent with fresh herb leaves. These mixes provide a range of leafy vegetables for salads and different varieties can be grown throughout the whole year. The greatest WUE was observed for the three lettuce varieties when they were grown during the autumn growing season, and the lowest values occurred during the winter growing season. Mesclun is often dressed with a classic French vinaigrette, but it's a forgiving mix that works well with a wide range of dressings. Like many varieties of lettuce, Batavia comes with all green or red-tinted leaves. Dress with a bit of ranch for something the whole family will love. It is used mainly for salads. https://www.healthyezrecipes.com/types-of-salad-greens.html They are most often served raw along with other vegetables in a salad or in sandwiches or burgers. Butterhead lettuce adds a mild, sweet flavor to dishes. Lettuce isn’t just about salads, although your fresh-picked lettuce varieties will make you swear off boring lettuce from the store. There are many types of lettuce that can add texture and flavor to any dish. Loose-Leaf Lettuce Varieties. Cultivated arugula is widely available and varies greatly in strength of flavor. Lettuce is a nutritious vegetable that comes in many varieties. Butter lettuce is commonly available. Contrary to popular belief, crisphead lettuce is quite nutritious. Lettuce is one of those plants that gardeners and plant breeders everywhere tinker with, so lettuce varieties seem to be endless. The simplest way to appreciate a tossed green salad is with a vinaigrette dressing. Alternate names/varieties: Butter lettuce, Boston, bibb (limestone), Mignonette, Buttercrunch lettuce. Organic seeds are, by definition, non-GMO. Let’s go beyond iceberg and explore the many different types of lettuce and how each one can make a delicious and positive contribution to your next healthy meal or salad bowl. Keeping this in view, what are different types of lettuce? Your Three Different Lettuce Varieties stock images are ready. This nutrient acts as a potent antioxidant and is vital for skin, eye, and immune health (11, 12, 13). Romaine lettuce, also known as Cos lettuce, has long, broad, upright leaves that hold themselves bunched together as they mature. If you’re a fan of this crispy salad green, then you must know about various types of lettuce so that you can select the best lettuce varieties for your garden. The older they get, the sharper their flavor becomes. There are three types of leaf lettuce: red, green, and oak. There are seven main cultivar groups of lettuce, each including many varieties: Leaf – Also known as looseleaf, cutting or bunching lettuce, this type has loosely bunched leaves and is the most widely planted. The leaves are either green or shaded to deep red at the edges, and may be ruffled or smooth. It’s rich in nutrients, with 3.5 ounces (100 grams) offering (17): This lettuce is a good source of carotenoid antioxidants, such as beta carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Crisphead, also known as iceberg or head lettuce, is one of the most widely used lettuces. Different types of lettuce are used most often for salads but they show up in recipes for everything from soups and sandwiches and wraps. A sealable bag with a feta vinaigrette or a simple balsamic dressing of ranch for something the whole year greens... Can result in partial vision loss ( 18 ) provide medical advice, diagnosis, treatment... To eat and look at commercially purchased seeds are a tasty addition to salads and and! 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